States Police Canine Association
of Connecticut Police Work Dog Association
the F.A.S.T. Co.
United States Police Canine Association, (USPCA) P.D.1 Trial
tests the police k9 on Obedience, to show the extent of control
by the handler and commands at a distance. In the obedience testing the
dog will have to do heeling at different paces of normal, slow and fast
and also consisting of left, right, and about turns. Verbal and hand signal
commands of sit, and down, recall, and drop on a recall at a distance of
fifty feet. The obedience exercise is done off leash and the k9 team must
score 70% of the total possible points in the obedience phase in order
to continue to the other phases for certification. Also Agility
testing to demonstrate the dog's ability to surmount various obstacles
which consists of jumping hurdles, broad jumps, a frame, crawl and catwalk.
The hurdles consist of a picket fence, chain link fence, simulated brick
wall, window jump, board jump, and shrub jump. Four out of the six hurdles
will be used for testing. The dog will also be tested on Search
to locate and retrieve articles containing the scent of a stranger and
to locate a hidden suspect in a box which is called the box search. The
box search consists of six boxes with a suspect hidden in one of them and
the dog has to indicate which one within four minutes. In the search
test the articles selected are usually shot gun shell, (green in color)
key on a ring with tab, book of matches, (dark in color) metal gun, credit
card, screwdriver, (4-6 inches) or piece of leather (1/8 to 1/4 inch thick,
3x3 inches, dark in color). The association will choose two of the items
for testing. Within three minutes the canine must locate and retrieve two
items of evidence thrown into a thirty foot square area of grass approximately
twelve inches high. The dog will also be tested on Criminal Apprehension
which consists of five parts for certification; recall, false start,
apprehension without gunfire, apprehension with gunfire and handler protection.
The canine is judged on his ability, upon command, to pursue and apprehend
a fleeing suspect. The canine will also be judged on his ability to release
the suspect on command and return to his handlers side. The k9 will be
tested on a
which is when the k9 has been commanded
to apprehend a fleeing suspect and will be judged on his ability to stop
the pursuit on command and return to his handlers side while the suspect
continues to run away. A False Start which is when the dog sees
someone running away from the handler and is required to stay. attack without
gunfire, handler protection and attack with gunfire. These tests show the
control of the dog.
Disciplines & Certifications in Holland
: Dick van Leenen
Police Dept. Nederlands
section - K9 Unit
99 - Rotterdam - Holland
Disciplines & Certifications in Holland
Holland, unlike you are familiar in the US, we do not have cross trained
dogs or dogs for dual-purpases. The patrol dog that also search for narcotics.
In Holland we prefer to train each dog for one discipline. Several reasons
for that but the main reason is that it can be pretty confusing for the
dogs. For instance when I want him to search for a hidden suspect the dog
maybe starts a search for narcs. We do not want that to happen and therefore
we have only one discipline on one dog. Because of this system, we also
need more good dogs, but that is no big problem when you have so many good
K9's in United States. We have several certifications. All the disciplines
have there own strict exam rules and certification. In Holland the rules
are so strict that when a combination of handler and dog do not pass there
national exam, they do not get the certification and are not allowed to
do police work. So no certification means, no work and only training to
get the certificate. These are the different certifications:
Patrol dog. With this exam the handler and dog prove that they are a good
team. They have to show the exam committee obedience, field and building
searches and the attack exercises on the decoy.
Narcotics (active): These dogs are used to search for narc like heroine,
cocaine, marihuana, speed, XTC, etc. All the drugs that are known in the
world. Also unlike what they think in the US these dogs can track and find
XTC. In the US they think that XTC is not trackable for a dog but in Holland
we have learned them to find XTC. The word "active" means that the dog
becomes very exciting when he smells the narcs and he will start to bark
and try to reach it.
Narcotics (passive) "These dogs are trained on the same drugs as the active
dogs but there is one big difference. When a "passive" dog smells a drug
he just sits in front of the person that is carrying the drug with him.
When this person wants to pass the dog the dog just sits in from of him
again and by doing that he just refuses that person to pass him. The word
"passive" we use because the dogs do not bark or act like crazy. That's
why these dogs are used on airports. sports stadiums and ferry's between
Great Britan and Holland, and trains between France and Holland.
They do not scare people but do the same work.
tracking dogs: To track persons without biting them when they find somebody.
For instance lost kids or runaway inmates.
smell identification dogs: These dogs are only used to smell a relation
between a suspect and a piece of evidence. I will try to explain this.
When a burglar left a screwdriver at the place of the burglary and he ran
away, one of our K9-officers come on the scene of the crime and he takes
care of the screwdriver. He puts the screwdriver in a special plastic bag
without anyone touching this screwdriver. In the bag the smell of the last
user of the screwdriver (the burglar) is conserved. Every people have its
own unique smell, just like you have a unique fingerprint!! We save this
screwdriver for more than three years because the unique smell stays OK
for that long. When detectives arrest a suspect for this burglary but they
do not have real prove they ask the K9-unit to do a smell identification
testt. The suspect has to hold a small metal pipe. Also 6 other people
who has nothing to do with the burglary has to hold metal pipes. The metal
pipes look all the same but each of them have the unique smell on them
of the holder. So 6 people who are innocent and 1 suspect. The 7 pipes
are put on the ground and the handler and his dog does not know which pipe
is from the suspect. After the 7 pipes are on the ground the handler and
his dog comes into the room. There he gets the screwdriver and he gives
the dog smell of the screwdriver. After the dog got that smell he walks
over all 7 pipes and when he smells the same smell at one of the pipes
he takes that pipe in his mouth and brings it to his handler. That way
the dog proves that there is a relationship between the smell of the screwdriver
and one of the pipes. When this pipe is the pipe that the suspect had in
his hands the detectives can prove that this suspects used that screwdriver
at that burglary. This is fully excepted prove in court in Holland and
its unique in the whole world. Our country is the only country in the world
that uses the dogs for this kind of police work.
Explo-dogs: Search for all kinds of explosives (TNT, Sentex, etc.) but
also guns and ammunition. Very busy lately because of the war against terrorism.
dogs we have at the Rotterdam-Rijnmond K9 unit.
mistress Louise Krause
birth of site June 1999
1999-2008 FAST Co