Senate Adopts Puppy Protection Act
National and State Desks
Wayne Pacelle, 202-778-6112, or
of the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)
Feb. 13, 2002 The Humane Society of the
States (HSUS), the nation's largest animal protection
today praised the U.S. Senate for approving an
to the Animal Welfare Act that seeks to protect dogs from
on commercial dog breeding operations, generally known
mills." The Senate approved the amendment, offered by
Rick Santorum (R-Pa.) and Richard Durbin (D-Ill.), during
of S. 1731, the Farm Bill, and was modeled after S.
which the two senators introduced in October 2001.
U.S. Senate today recognized that female dogs are more than
units and puppies are more than marketable commodities
new standards for the protection of dogs on commercial
breeding operations," said Wayne Pacelle, a senior vice
with The Humane Society of the United States. "We are
to Senators Santorum and Durbin for leading this fight and
to establish meaningful protections for companion animals."
the Puppy Protection Act:
a "three strikes and you're out" system that allows
U.S. Department of Agriculture to revoke the license of chronic
of the Animal Welfare Act.
the number of litters for breeding females to give
dogs time to recover between litters.
that female dogs be at least one year old before
that dogs be adequately socialized with other dogs
with people, which enhances the dogs' well-being and helps to
behavior problems in the future.
mills are breeding facilities that produce purebred
in large numbers. The puppies are sold either directly to
public or are sold to brokers and pet shops across the country.
mills have long concerned The HSUS, which has conducted
investigations documenting inhumane conditions at puppy
Over 3,000 puppy mills current operate in the United States,
of them despite repeated violations of the Animal Welfare Act.
mill dogs typically suffer from overbreeding, inbreeding,
veterinary care, poor quality of food and shelter, lack of
with humans and overcrowded cages. Consumers
purchase these dogs, who may have immediate veterinary
or could be harboring genetically borne diseases that do
appear until years later."
legislation is by no means a total fix for animals or
but it will impose new humane standards that breeders
observe," concluded Pacelle. "In a larger sense, people
in having a pet should obtain the animal from a shelter
a responsible breeder."
Ed Whitfield (R-Ky.) and Sam Farr (D-Calif.) have
a companion bill, H.R. 3058, which has 136 cosponsors.
House-passed version of the Farm bill, H.R. 2646, contains no
dealing with this issue. The final outcome will be
by a conference committee.